4 mechanical ways of producing non-woven textiles

Non-woven textiles are fabrics that are bonded together without weaving. They are produced by mechanical, thermal or chemical treatments. Here are the mechanical ways of producing these textiles.

Stitch bonded nonwovens

These are made by joining the fibers together and then placing it in a knitting and stitching machine. The fibers are stitched with threads. These nonwoven textiles are used as packing materials or base material for making blankets and quilts.

Melt blowing

In this process, high-velocity air is blown in thermoplastic resin. Self-bonding web is formed. It is a spunlaid process and is a common way of producing non-woven textiles.

Mechanical interlocking

This involves needle punching and spunlace which entangles fibers on a moving screen and then high-pressure water is applied. These nonwovens are used for making wipes, kitchen and bath towels, etc. The material is oil and water absorbent and eco-friendly. It is very good for sensitive skin as there won’t be any bacterial growth.

Needle punching

These are formed by interlocking fibers of the carded web. Thousands of felting needles are passed in and out of the web continuously. These are used in mattresses and home furnishing products.

The process by which non-woven textiles are produced is eco-friendly and the final product is also recyclable. Apart from these mechanical processes, non-woven textiles are also made using chemicals and application of heat. The type of process used sometimes depends on the application. Best practices are always used to make non-woven textiles to ensure the highest quality.

4 trends in the non-woven textile industries to watch

Non-woven textiles are engineered fabrics that are used for making different products. It can be used in making wipes, gas or liquid filtration, surgical fabrics, clothing, building, leather goods, etc. It is impossible to imagine our life without non-woven textile. Due to the technological advancement, this sector is growing. The growing need for hygiene is also one of the reasons for its growth. Here are the latest trends in this industry.

Steep growth in future

By 2020, it is expected that the worth of non-woven textile industry will be $50 billion. The hygiene sector will be the prominent player in this growth. Within 2020, the usage of this textile will grow to about 12 million tonnes. The overall global rate is expected to be 6 to 7 percent. Asia is expected to be the biggest consumer of non-woven textiles.

Spunlaid will be the main web forming process

The spunlaid non-woven is expected to grow at a rate of 7.5% by 2020. It is used in medical textiles. About 6.3 million tonnes of spunlaid non-woven textile is expected to be consumed by 2020.

Growth in disposable non-wovens

This growth is expected due to the demand for disposable products like baby diapers and feminine hygiene products demanded by the upper and middle-class people.

Reduction in basis weight

The trend of reducing the basis weight will continue. It lowers the cost of raw materials, warehouse, and shipping. Lightweight spunbonds, meltblowns, etc. are used in non-wovens.

The major reason behind the growth of this industry is that people are becoming wealthier and they can afford more disposable products. They are also becoming more aware of hygiene and the environment. So, the demand for non-woven textiles is on the rise.

What are the differences between woven and non-woven bags?

Bags made using woven and non-woven bags are durable and strong. They are used as shopping bags and other purposes. Many people don’t know the differences between woven and non-woven bags. Here are the major differences between the two.

Woven bags

These bags are made from fabrics that are made by joining threads, that is, by weaving. They are flexible and can retain their shape. The bags are very strong and so can be used many times. You can wash the bag in a washing machine. You can get both matte and laminated finish. Woven bags may let water through it, but lamination can create a protection. These bags are used to carry big loads of building materials, bottles, etc.

Non-woven bags

These are made of fabrics that are not woven together. They are bonded using mechanical, thermal or chemical treatments. The non-woven bags are more versatile and can be used in varieties of applications. These are commonly used in art and crafts. The non-woven bag is a popular replacement for plastic bags. The color and texture of these bags last for many years. You can screen print on it. These bags are cheaper than woven bags and so most people prefer buying non-woven bags. Another feature of these bags is that they are eco-friendly. They can be reused and recycled.

So, the type of bag you choose depends on the design and your purpose. You can find great design and color for both bags. Buy woven or non-woven bags to serve your purpose.