Non-woven textiles are fabrics that are bonded together without weaving. They are produced by mechanical, thermal or chemical treatments. Here are the mechanical ways of producing these textiles.
Stitch bonded nonwovens
These are made by joining the fibers together and then placing it in a knitting and stitching machine. The fibers are stitched with threads. These nonwoven textiles are used as packing materials or base material for making blankets and quilts.
In this process, high-velocity air is blown in thermoplastic resin. Self-bonding web is formed. It is a spunlaid process and is a common way of producing non-woven textiles.
This involves needle punching and spunlace which entangles fibers on a moving screen and then high-pressure water is applied. These nonwovens are used for making wipes, kitchen and bath towels, etc. The material is oil and water absorbent and eco-friendly. It is very good for sensitive skin as there won’t be any bacterial growth.
These are formed by interlocking fibers of the carded web. Thousands of felting needles are passed in and out of the web continuously. These are used in mattresses and home furnishing products.
The process by which non-woven textiles are produced is eco-friendly and the final product is also recyclable. Apart from these mechanical processes, non-woven textiles are also made using chemicals and application of heat. The type of process used sometimes depends on the application. Best practices are always used to make non-woven textiles to ensure the highest quality.